Summary of Reaction Types in Organic Chemistry

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Substitution – in which one functional group is replaced by another - typical of alkanes, alkyl halides and benzene Addition/Elimination – in which a small molecule (typically X2, HX or H-OH) is added/eliminated - alkenes undergo Addition - some alkyl halides and alcohols undergo Elimination

Oxidation/Reduction – in which the number of bonds between carbon and oxygen is increased/decreased. Also, reactions in which the number of bonds between carbon and hydrogen is decreased/increased. - alcohols, ketones/aldehydes and carboxylic acids can be interchanged by Oxidation/Reduction reactions - alkanes, alkenes and alkynes can be interchanged by Oxidation/Reduction reactions. Download free Summary of Reaction Types in Organic Chemistry.pdf here

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