Predictors of Bullying and Victimization in Childhood and Adolescence: A Meta-analytic Investigation

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Research on the predictors of 3 bully status groups (bullies, victims, and bully victims) for school-age children and adolescents was synthesized using meta-analytic procedures. The primary purpose was to determine the relative strength of individual and contextual predictors to identify targets for prevention and intervention. Age and how bullying was measured were also considered as moderators. From an original pool of 1,622 studies conducted since 1970 (when research on bullying increased significantly), 153 studies were identified that met criteria for inclusion. A number of common and unique predictors were found for the bully status groups. The implications of the meta-analytic findings for future research on bullying and victimization prevention and intervention are discussed.

Prevention of childhood aggression has long been considered an important social and clinical problem (Tolan, Guerra, & Kendall, 1995). In recent years, emphasis has shifted somewhat, particularly for school-based programs, to understanding and preventing a specific form of aggression labeled bullying (Cornell, 2006). This shift becomes evident when one examines the publication trends from 1980 to 2009. Whereas there were fewer than 190 peer-reviewed articles published on bullying during the 20-year span from 1980 to 2000, there have been well over 600 articles published on this topic from 2000 to the present time. Download free Predictors of Bullying and Victimization in Childhood and Adolescence: A Meta-analytic Investigation.pdf here

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