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Download free Basic Organic Chemistry Nomenclature pdf. Naming organic molecules reminds me a bit of looking at a big old oak tree in the dead of winter. You had a huge trunk with a bunch of different branches coming out of it. Naming organic molecules is kind of the same. You have one main chain (the trunk) and lots of different substituents (branches) coming off the main chain.

To get started with naming, the first things that you need to know are the basic names for carbon chains (See Table 1). This table also lists how you would describe these chains when they are substituents (coming off the main chain).

Additionally, there are a series of often used functional groups that are still referred to using their common names. These are groups that you should commit to memory (Figure 1).


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